Keeping a 2-metre distance reduces the exposure to the other persons droplets that are based on at the time of breathing, coughing and sneezing. We know that this is a confirmed mechanism for transmitting the virus.

The ordinary masks or face coverings that the public is being asked to wear help by reducing the distance that the virus can travel from with our breath, coughs and sneezes. If all of us wear this in confined spaces, then we are protecting each other as a collective.

Washing hands with soap for at least 20 seconds disrupts the external coating of the virus and thus killing it/making it unable to cause an infection.

We touch our face up-to 16 times an hour and risk transmitting the virus to ourselves if hands have come in touch with a contaminated surface. Regular hand washing decreases this risk significantly.

This situation is most likely to arise when an effective vaccine becomes available.

This is a bit of a guessing game but by best estimates this may be between late winter this year to late spring next year.

It is true that the young and health suffer less from the ill effects of the virus. However, this is not universal and even young people have died from the disease. More importantly, the young people play an important part in transmission precisely for this reason. This means if we are not careful, our near and dear will suffer harm.

None of these have been found to be curative. They reduce the intensity of the infection and improve outcomes in certain subset of patients/conditions.  Receiving the drug does not guarantee a recovery unlike say a bacterial pneumonia where a culture sensitive antibiotic treatment would virtually guarantee a recovery.

The most effective response is where the whole society plays its part. We need to not only keep ourselves safe but also do everything we can to reduce the chance of us passing the virus to others. In their safety lies the safety of our loved ones.

Mental health

  • If you are on prescribed medications, take these regularly.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Eat a balanced diet.
  • Having a structure to the day with a routine.
  • Keeping in touch with people over the phone or internet.
  • If you recognise a pattern of your illness, look out for warning signs.
  • Keep a diary of your mood, appetite and sleep everyday.
  • If you are worried about warning signs, seek phone consultation with your doctor.

Seek phone advice from your doctor as they can suggest changes in the frequency of monitoring/tests depending on your previous investigation results, health history and medications.

  • Changes in routine should be minimised as dementia patients do not respond well to those.
  • Reminiscence therapy can prove helpful;looking through old pictures and talking about events in the past which dementia patients consider significant.
  • Using distraction techniques if keen to leave the house when unsafe
  • Adequate fluids as dehydration can make them prone to urine infection and increased confusion
  • If presenting with challenging behaviour , seek phone advice from a doctor.
  • Spend time doing things you enjoy; reading,cooking, music, knitting, crocheting etc
  • Socialise using telephone and video calls.
  • Reach out to friends and family which is mutually beneficial.
  • Do not repeatedly check  the news and other media for updates.
  • Try to keep a daily routine, maintain a healthy lifestyle and focus on activities you enjoy as much as possible.
  • When chatting with friends and family, talk about things other than Covid 19.
  • If you are feeling overwhelmed nonetheless, seek phone advice from a doctor.

Obs and Gynae

No birth defects have been picked up by scans so far.

No, it does not cause pre-term labour.

No, the baby will not get infected inside the womb .

No it is not an indication for C-section, you can have normal vaginal delivery.

Yes, you can breastfeed your baby. You need to wear a mask and wash your hands with soap before and after breastfeeding.

COVID positive mother should have fortnightly scans till delivery to check the growth of baby.